Anthophysa vegetans (O.F. Müller) Stein (Chrysophyceae), a new record from South Africa


  • Anrie Erasmus Research Unit for Environmental Sciences and Management, North-West University, South Africa
  • Sanet Janse van Vuuren Research Unit for Environmental Sciences and Management, North-West University, South Africa
  • Anatoliy Levanets Research Unit for Environmental Sciences and Management, North-West University, South Africa


colonial flagellates, distribution, ecology, Mooi River, morphology, new record, Potchefstroom


Background: Although the colonial flagellate alga Anthophysa vegetans is well known in
Europe, it has only been recorded from Africa (Nigeria) once. It was recently found in the Mooi
River, South Africa – making this a first record of the presence of A. vegetans in southern Africa.
Objectives: The objective of this study is to record a new geographic locality for A. vegetans for
South Africa.
Method: Light microscopy was used to compare morphological features of the species found
in South Africa with illustrations and literature on A. vegetans found in Europe and other
countries of the world. An extensive literature survey was done to determine the species’
current geographic distribution.
Results: A. vegetans is widely distributed across all continents, except Africa and Antarctica.
During this study, it was described from a new location in the Mooi River near Potchefstroom
in the North West province, South Africa, making this a first record of its presence in
southern Africa.
Conclusion: The known geographic distribution of A. vegetans was expanded to include
southern Africa and, to be more specific, South Africa.


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How to Cite

Erasmus, A., Janse van Vuuren, S., & Levanets, A. (2016). Anthophysa vegetans (O.F. Müller) Stein (Chrysophyceae), a new record from South Africa. Bothalia, African Biodiversity & Conservation, 46(1). Retrieved from